BIOMASS THERMOELECTRIC PLANTS

RENOVETEC has turned all his practical experience in energy recovery from biomass in this book. Throughout its 14 chapters and more than 450 color pages the book details aspects whose knowledge is essential for all professionals who are engaged or wish to dedicate to energy recovery from biomass.

 


 ISBN: 978-84-616-1557-5

Price: 245€ (VAT and shipping included in peninsular Spain)

This book is available in two formats, paper format and interactive DIGITAL book for reading on your personal computer, which includes the possibility of extending some images.

Language: Spanish

Discount for bookstores: consult

Availability: immediate. 24 hours of placing the order 

Orders: Call 91 126 37 66 or request it by email (Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo. )

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A graphic, and eminently practical book that analyzes plants which use biomass as fuel.

This new book edited by RENOVETEC, distributed in two volumes and dedicated biomass plants focuses on the description of the characteristics of the different types of biomass that can be used in thermoelectric power, the operating principles and equipment that make up a central. Edited in color with a careful layout and an excellent quality of printing, contains almost 460 pages that dealt with a total of 14 chapters divided in two blocks: the first of them is dedicated to biomass and its technical features, while the second is focused in the equipments that make up a thermoelectric biomass plant, their possible configurations and their specific  problems. It also includes over 200 graphics and photographs of actual plants, helping to better understand every concept that is exposed.

What the book does not contain?

As interesting as describing what it contains, it is indicate what does not contain:

  • It is not a generalist book, but it addresses each topic in depth.
  • It is not a basic book, although prior knowledge are not required for understanding all the issues.
  • It is not a theoretical book, but that it is written from the experience of the authors and collaborators in real plants currently in operation or project.
  • Not is a boring book , beacuse those concepts are treated of form pleasant and entertaining.

Book structure:

The book is divided into two blocks:

  • The block 1, that studied the biomass and its features.
  • Block 2, the most extensive, who studies the main equipments that make up a biomass plant and some aspects related to the production of electricity.

biomasa


INDEX

1. BIOMASS

  • What is biomass?          
  • Biomass as energy source                                                    
  • Combustion and the greenhouse effect  
  • World production of biomass 
  • Applications of the biomass in the industries 
  • The economic importance of biomass 
  • The renewable energy plan 2005-2010 
  • Advantages and disadvantages in the use of biomass 
  • Electricity generation from biomass
  • Biomass plants in Spain 
    • Biomass plants in Andalucía 
    • Rest of Spain

2. BIOMASS TYPES

  • Natural biomass
  • Residual biomass
    • Agricultural wastes 
    • Forest wastes
    • Agricultural and agro-food industries wastes 
    • Livestock wastes
    • Urban wastes
  • Agricultural surpluses 
  • Energy crops
    • What are the energy crops? 
    • Features that should have the energy crops
    • Classification 
    • Energy crops in Spain
    • Advantages and disadvantages of energy crops
    • Economic aspects to have in account 
    • Environmental aspects to take into account
    • Paulownia 
    • Thistle
    • Tobacco plant
    • Arundo donax
    • King grass

3. PROCESS OF TRANSFORMATION OF BIOMASS

  • Physical processes
  • Thermochemical processes
    • Combustion 
    • Gasification
    • Pyrolysis
  • Biological processes

4. THE VALORIZATION OF THE BIOMASS BY COMBUSTION

  • What is the combustion?
  • The air or combustion
    • Air composition
    • The quantity of air required
    • Primary and secondary air
  • The biomass and its characteristic parameters
  • The calorific value of the biomass
    • Calorific value
    • Grater calorific value
    • Lower calorific value or PCI
    • The relationship PCI/PCS
  • Process chemical reactions 
  • Phases of biomass combustion
  • Measures to be carried out to evaluate the combustion process

5. BIOMASS THERMOELECTRIC PLANTS

  • Description of a biomass plant
  • Normal operating modes
    • Operation in parallel with the network 
    • Operating in island
    • Operating without central of generation
  •  Characteristic parameters of a biomass plant
  • Overview of systems that make up a biomass plant

6. ELECTRICITY MARKET

  • Electricity market
  • The 6 intraday markets 
  • System operation
    • Markets of services of adjustment of the system
    • Technical restrictions solution
    • Complementary services
  • The power market and the renewable energy 

7. CURRENT SITUATION  AND LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK  

  • The need for a regulatory framework and institutional support
  • The lack of profitability of certain types of electricity generation
  • Framework previous to the year 2013
  • LAW 54/1997 
  • LAW 17/2007 
  • RD 1955/2000 
  • RD 661/2007 
  • RDL 6/2009 
  • RD 1565/2010 
  • The imbalance financial and the deficit of rate
  • LAW 24/2013 and RD 413/2014
  • Remuneration to receive
  • The compensation for investment
  • The remuneration to the operation
  • Stimuli to the investment
  • Other items to consider
  • Objectives of profitability of the total compensation
  • Comments and responses to the current regulation

8. BIOMASS PRETREATMENT

  • Biomass storage
    • Wasehouses types
    • Criteria for selection of the type of storage
    • Controls to be carried out in the biomass park 
  • Transport to the boiler
  • Need of those prior treatments 
  • Drying
  • Chipping
  • Mill
  • Sieving
  • Pellets
  • Intermediate storage
  • Weigh: the control of the amount entered
  • Dosage in the boiler

9. BIOMASS COMBUSTION BOILER 

  • Combustion boiler
  • Stages in the process of combustion of biomass
  • Types of boiler as the water circulation:
    • Shell boilers
    • Water-tube boilers 
  • Types of boilers according to the form of combustion
    • Movable grate boilers
    • Fluidized bed boilers
    • Suspension burner boilers
    • Technologies comparison
  • Types of boilers according to the pressure of the home
  • Characteristic parameters of biomass boilers 
  • Air fuel intake
  • Fuel inlet
  • Home. Radiation area
  • Superheater 
  • Evaporator
  • Economizer
  • Gases output
    • Cyclone separators
    • Sleeves filters
    • Electrofilters
    • System of monitoring continuous of gaseous emissions
  • Out of ashes
  • Problems in biomass boilers 

10. WATER-STEAM CYCLE

  • Rankine cycle
  • Water-steam cycle function
  • Water-steam cycle scheme 
  • Condenser
  • Condenser pumps
  • Low pressure preheaters 
  • Feed water tank 
  • Feed water pumps 
  • High pressure preheaters
  • High pressure bypass valve

11. STEAM TURBINE

  • Steam turbines, a experienced machine
  • Steam tubines classification
  • Steam turbine main parts 
    • Inlet system
    • Rotor
    • Casing
    • Blades
    • Support, bench or radial bearings
    • Thrust or axial bearing 
    • Lubrication system
    • Fume extraction system
    • Oil cooling system
    • Oil control system
    • Lubrication oil filtering
    • Steam sealing system
  • Control system
    • Control system functions
    • Control system main elements
  • Auxiliary turbine elements
    • Bench
    • Turbine nave 
    • Bridge crane
    • Reducer 

12. GENERATOR

  • Electric rotary generator 
  • The principle of operation
  • Generator types
  • Generator characteristic parameters
  • Maximum apparent power
  • Active power and cos phi
  • Maximum intensity
  • Voltage generation
  • Rotor pole numbers
  • Stator phases number
  • Speed rotation
  • Excitation current ratings
  • Reason for short RCC
  • Cooling type
  • Exciter type
  • Service class
  • Insulation type
  • Protection grade
  • Generator technical data sheet

Main elements of a three-phase synchronous generator

  • Rotor
  • Stator
  • Bearings

 Auxiliary elements of a three-phase synchronous generator

  • Exciter
  • insulating system
  • Cooling system
  • Junction box
  • Neutral point
  • Most common generator in biomass plants

13. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS OF HIGH AND LOW VOLTAGE

  • High voltage system
    • Main transformer
    • Transformer main parts
    • Transfomer rating plate
    • Main switch 
    • Voltage transformers
    • Current transformers
    • Sets of elements of lightning protection
    • Electrical protection
    • Earthing
  • Medium voltage system
  • Generator
  • Power room
  • Medium voltage cells
  •  Switch machine
  • Auxiliary services cell
  • Output cells
  • Low voltage system
  • Auxiliary system
  • Essential services bar
  • Consumer ultraesenciales bar
  • Diesel generator group

14. AUXILIARY SYSTEMS

  • Main cooling system
    • Open circuit
    • Semi-open circuit with cooling tower 
    • Circuit closed, with aerocondenser
  • Equipment cooling system
  • Water treatment plant
  • Effluent treatment plant
  • Compressed air system
  • Fire protection system
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