BIOMASS PLANTS TECHNICAL COURSE 

Throughout the course, basic principles of the function of an electric energy generating plant from biomass will be analysed, in order to, later on, tackle each one of the elements which form a common plant.

The aim of the course is the student to know each equipment, the terminology related to this type of plants and the main aspects which determine the tasks of an electric generation professional. 


 

Forthcoming call for attendance-based course:

Location: Madrid, 5 and October 2017
Course fee: 
500€ + IVA
Duration: 
16 hours

Company course:

This course can be done at any time in the client’s installations. Enquire about conditions and prices calling at +34 91 126 37 66 or sending an email at Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo.   

ONLINE course:

This course can be done at any time through Online RENOVETEC’S platform. Online course price: 395€ (taxes included). (Price includes a simulator for 6 months). Sign up calling +34 91 126 37 66 or sending an email at Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo.   


Find out more about special conditions for unemployed people and recent graduates
Eligible course costs by FUNDAE http://empresas.fundae.es/


COURSE INFORMATION 

Type of course: Two methods, ON-LINE y ON-SITE

Duration: On-site course: 16 hours. On-line method: 50 hours

Course level: Medium. No previous knowledge needed

Material: Colour book 17 x 24, rustic binding + examples + evaluation questionnaires

Prácticas: Practices through Renovetec’s biomass plants simulator

Courses director: Santiago García Garrido, graduate in Chemical Sciences and Technical Manager at RENOVETEC. Has more than 10 years of experience in companies such as Gas Natural, MASA, OPEMASA. He delivers courses related with the technology of Combustion Engines and electricity generation plants

Habitual teachers: Santiago García Garrido


COURSE CONTENT

1. THE BIOMASS 

  • What is biomass?          
  • Biomass as an energy source                                                    
  • Combustion and the greenhouse effect 
  • World production of biomass 
  • Applications of biomass in industries 
  • The economic importance of biomass
  • The renewable energy plan 2005-2010 
  • Advantages and disadvantages of the use of biomass
  • Electrical generation from biomass
  • Biomass plants in Spain 
    • Biomass plants in Andalusia 
    • Rest of Spain 

2. TYPES OF BIOMASS 

  • Natural biomass
  • Residual biomass
    • Agricultural waste 
    • Forest residues 
    • Waste from agricultural and agro-food industries
    • Livestock waste 
    • Urban waste 
  • Agricultural surpluses
  • Energy crops
    • What are energy crops?
    • Characteristics of energy crops
    • Classification of energy crops
    • Energy crops in Spain
    • Advantages and disadvantages of energy crops
    • Economic aspects to consider
    • Environmental aspects to be taken into account
    • The paulownia
    • Thistle
    • The tobacco plant
    • Arundo donax
    • King grass

3. PROCESSES FOR BIOMASS TRANSFORMATION 

  • Physical processes
  • Thermochemical processes
    • Combustion 
    • Gasification 
    • Pyrolysis
  • Biological processes 
    • Alcoholic fermentation 
    • The fermentation of methane 
  • Chemical processes: transesterification

4. THE VALUE OF BIOMASS BY COMBUSTION 

  • What is combustion?
  • The air or oxidizer
    • The composition of the air
    • The amount of air needed
    • Primary and secondary air
  • Biomass and its characteristic parameters
  • The calorific value of biomass
    • Calorific power
    • The higher calorific value
    • The lower calorific value or PCI
    • The PCI / PCS relation
  • Chemical reactions of the process
  • The combustion phases of the biomass
  • Measures to be taken to evaluate the combustion process

5. THE BIOMASS THERMOELECTRIC PLANTS

  • Description of a biomass plant
  • Common operating modes
    • Operation in parallel with the network
    • Island operation
    • Operation without power plant
  • Characteristic parameters of a biomass plant
  • Summary of systems that make up a biomass plant

6. THE ELECTRICITY MARKET

  • The electricity market 
  • The 6 Intraday Markets
    • Sales offers in the intraday markets
    • Purchase offers in the intraday markets
    • Cassation Procedures and Results
  • Operation of the system
    • System Adjustment Service Markets
    • Resolution of technical restrictions
    • Complementary services 
  • The electricity market and renewable energies

7. CURRENT SITUATION AND LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 

  • The need for a regulatory framework and institutional support
  • The lack of profitability of certain types of electricity generation
  • Previous framework year 2013
  • LAW 54/1997
  • LAW 17/2007
  • RD 1955/2000 
  • RD 661/2007 
  • RDL 6/2009 
  • RD 1565/2010 
  • The financial imbalance and the tariff deficit
  • Law 24/2013 and RD 413/2014
  • The remuneration to be received
  • The return on investment
  • The remuneration to the operation
  • Stimulus to investment
  • Other concepts to consider
  • Profitability targets for total remuneration
  • Observations and comments on the current regulation

8. PREPARATION OF BIOMASS

  • Storage of biomass 
    • Types of warehouses
    • Criteria for selecting the type of storage 
    • Controls to be carried out in the biomass park
  • Transport to boiler
  • Need for previous treatments
  • Drying
  • Chipped
  • Grinding
  • Screening
  • Pellets
  • Intermediate Storage
  • Weighing: the control of the amount entered
  • Dosing in the boiler

9. THE BIOMASS COMBUSTION BOILER 

  • The combustion boiler
  • Phases in the process of biomass combustion
  • Types of boiler according to water circulation: 
    • Pirotubular boilers
    • Water Boilers 
  • Types of boilers according to the form of combustion
    • Mobile grill boilers
    • Fluidized bed boilers
    • Suspension burner boilers
    • Comparison of broiler-fluid bed technologies 
  • Types of boilers according to the pressure of the house  
  • Characteristic parameters of biomass boilers
  • The entry of combustible air
  • Fuel inlet 
  • Home. Radiation zone
  • The superheater
  • The evaporator 
  • The economizer
  • Gas exhauster
    • Cyclonic Separators
    • Sleeve filters
    • Electro Filters
    • Continuous monitoring system for gaseous emissions
  • Ash output 
  • Problems in biomass boilers 

10. THE WATER-STEAM CYCLE 

  • The Rankine Cycle 
  • The function of the water-steam cycle 
  • The water-vapor cycle scheme 
  • The condenser
  • Condensate pumps
  • Low Pressure Preheaters 
  • Feedwater tank
  • Feedwater Pumps 
  • High Pressure Preheaters
  • High Pressure Bypass Valve 

11. THE STEAM TURBINE 

  • The steam turbine, an experienced machine 
  • Classification of steam turbines
    • According to the transformation of e. Rotation potential
    • Depending on the pressure at the turbine inlet
    • According to the outlet steam pressure
    • According to the direction of flow in the rotor
    • According to the presence of intermediate vapor inlets
    • According to its mechanical connection with other turbines
  • Main parts of a steam turbine 
    • Intake System
    • The rotor
    • The casing
    • Bearings, bench or radial
    • Thrust bearing or thrust bearing
    • Lubrication system
    • Fog extraction system
    • Oil Cooling System
    • Control oil system
    • Lubricating Oil Filtering
    • Steam sealing system
    • Toner
  • The control system
    • Functions of the control system
    • Main elements of the control system
  • Auxiliary elements of the turbine
    • Bench 
    • Turbine Ship 
    • Bridge crane
    • Reducer

12. THE GENERATOR

  • The rotary electric generator
  • The operating principleTypes of generators
    • According to current type
    • According to the speed of rotation
    • According to the type of cooling
    • According to the number of phases
    • By the type of poles
  • Characteristic parameters of a generator
  • Active power and cos phi
  • Active power and cos phi
  • Maximum Intensity
  • Generation Voltage
  • Number of rotor poles
  • Number of stator phases
  • Rotation speed
  • Nominal excitation currents
  • RCC Short Circuit Ratio
  • Type of cooling
  • Exciter type
  • Class of service
  • Type of insulation
  • Degree of protection
  • The technical data sheet of the generator

Main elements of a three-phase synchronous generator

  • The rotor
  • The stator
  • The journal bearings and rolling bearings

Auxiliary elements of a three-phase synchronous generator

  • The exciter
  • The insulation system
  • The cooling system
  • The junction box
  • The neutral point
  • The most common type of generator in biomass plants

13. HIGH AND LOW VOLTAGE ELECTRIC SYSTEMS 

  • The high voltage system
    • Main transformer 
    • Main parts of a transformer
    • Transformer nameplate
    • Line, busbar and earthing switches
    • Main switch
    • Power Transformers
    • Current Transformers
    • Sets of lightning protection elements
    • Electric protections
    • Earthing
  • The medium voltage system 
  • The generator
  • The electric room
  • Medium voltage cells
  • The machine switch
  • The transformer measuring cell
  • The auxiliary services cell
  • The output cells
  • The low voltage system 
  • Auxiliary systems
  • The Essential Services Bar
  • The ultra-essential consumer bar
  • Diesel Generator group

14. AUXILIARY SYSTEMS 

  • Main cooling system
    • Open circuit
    • Semi-open circuit with cooling tower
    • Closed circuit, with aerocondenser 
  • Equipment cooling system 
  • Water treatment plant (pta)
  • Effluent treatment plant
  • Compressed air system
  • Fire protection system
Top